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Development and style
 
The development of The Park as a residential estate of some 360 houses and gardens was realized over a period of approximately 100 years between the 1820’s and the end of the First World War, with the majority of houses being built in stages after 1856. A range of detached, semidetached and terraced houses varying in architectural style in response to fashionable trends. The majority of the houses were built on plots which spanned the area between adjacent roads allowing front and rear access to the property. In many instances, this has had the effect of conspicuous entrance facades on one side of the road contrasting with brick and stone boundary walls enclosing tree and shrub filled private garden areas on the other.

Building activity within the interwar period was relatively small scale and included alterations and extensions, some conversions of large houses plus garaging for cars. Following a period of slow recovery after the Second World War, increasing pressure for new housing resulted in unsightly infill development within many back gardens of the original estate houses mainly between 1960-80. In addition, a small number of original estate houses have been demolished to create sites for higher density residential development and some on the fringe of the estate have been adapted for commercial use.

The attached plan illustrates the extent and location of the original estate houses, i.e. those built before 1918, together with the original garden areas or residual garden areas following infill development. Also highlighted is the extent of post 1918 development which is predominantly residential and includes new building plus original outbuildings that have been substantially altered.

Period houses are a precious, non-renewable legacy. Owning one is but a short event in the life of the building, to be looked after for the benefit of future generations. The stock of these older houses is finite and any damage or loss is

 


19 Park Terrace c 1880

significant. Although rising prosperity, with a boom in house prices in the latter part of the 20c, engendered new confidence in the long term benefit of home ownership, the recent trend of a more mobile society with a succession of property owners each eager to make their own mark or carry out alterations can quickly erode the character of the house. The aged character of the building is a subtle feature and one that can easily be destroyed. The architectural styles of the original estate houses in The Park can be popularly described as Regency in the early part of the 19c, Victorian during the main part of the 19c and Edwardian in the early years of the 20c.

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